Proteomic signatures of radioresistance: Alteration of inflammation, angiogenesis and metabolism-related factors in radioresistant oesophageal adenocarcinoma


The clinical management of locally advanced oesophageal adenocarcinoma (OAC) involves neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (CRT), but as radioresistance remains a major clinical challenge, complete pathological response to CRT only occurs in 20-30% of patients. In this study we used an established isogenic cell line model of radioresistant OAC to detect proteomic signatures of radioresistance to identify novel molecular and cellular targets of radioresistance in OAC. A total of 5785 proteins were identified of which 251 were significantly modulated in OE33R cells, when compared to OE33P. Gene ontology and pathway analysis of these significantly modulated proteins demonstrated altered metabolism in radioresistant cells accompanied by an inhibition of apoptosis. In addition, inflammatory and angiogenic pathways were positively regulated in radioresistant cells compared to the radiosensitive cells. In this study, we demonstrate, for the first time, a comprehensive proteomic profile of the established isogenic cell line model of radioresistant OAC. This analysis provides insights into the molecular and cellular pathways which regulate radioresistance in OAC. Furthermore, it identifies pathway specific signatures of radioresistance that will direct studies on the development of targeted therapies and personalised approaches to radiotherapy.

Cancer Treatment and Research Communications
Colm J. Ryan
Colm J. Ryan
Assistant Professor